Learning Goal: I’m working on a criminal justice multi-part question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.
AFTER ACTIONS REPORT – Chapter 05
- Explain the inter-connectedness of sociological theories
- Describe 3 sources of socialization. Give examples how these sources shaped who you are as a person and your subsequent values.
- Explain the concept of social class and how it may shape an individual’s development. How do you believe your class influenced your development as an individual?
- Explain the concept of anomie
- Contrast among the various adaptations of strain theory. Why does strain theory imply that crime caused more than just poverty?
- Explain how strain is modernized to not solely refer to economic stress. Provide an example of non-economic strain in your personal experience.
- Contrast between social disorganization theory, differential association theory, and culture conflict theory. Which theory do you believe has the biggest significance in explaining crime?
- Decide what you think about young people playing video games, what would differential association theory argue? What do you think?
- Explain the legacy of Chicago in understanding social disorganization. Is this model of understanding neighborhoods still valid today, in your opinion.
AFTER ACTIONS REPORT – Chapter 06
- Define a subculture, explain a subculture in which you participate.
- Contrast among the four major subcultural theories of deviance by Cohen, Cloward and Ohlin, Wolfgang and Ferracuti, and Miller
- Distinguish between the corner boy, the college boy, and the delinquent boy.
- Explain the concept of a middle class measuring rod. How does this relate to schools, professional development, and crime? How has the middle class measuring rod influenced your development?
- Compare and contrast the theory of criminal, conflict, and retreatist gangs. Research a local criminal gang, where are they located, how are they identified, what behavior have they been associated with recently?
- Discuss middle-class delinquency and its relation to gangs. What theory best explains middle class criminal behavior?
- Explain gang activity within the understanding of the subculture of violence.
- What do we know about female subcultural delinquency? Find an example of a female gang, what are major similarities and differences from male gangs?
- What theory is most influential in explaining gang behavior? What are the strengths and weaknesses of this theory?
AFTER ACTIONS REPORT – Chapter 07
- Explain social control theory. What forces are most influential in your life keeping you out of criminal behavior?
- Discuss the four social bonds that Hirschi posited that promote socialization and conformity. How have these bond’s influenced your own decision making regarding your goals and behavior.
- Explain Matza’s concept of drift. How does drift explain some of your own behavior?
- How do individuals justify or neutralize their bad behavior? What neutralization technique do you believe to be most common?
- Compare the inner and outer containment mechanisms as set forth in Reckless’ containment theory
- Explain the evolving forms and roles of social control in developmental theory, which do you believe to be most promising?
AFTER ACTIONS REPORT – Chapter 08
- Discuss the basic assumptions of labeling theory. Have you been labeled? How did it influence you, personally?
- Explain why labeling theorists would argue that the Criminal Justice system creates more crime
- Compare the consensus and conflict models of criminal lawbreaking (hmm, I think I remember this question from an earlier exam!) 😉
- Discuss a crime that many people would have consensus that should be illegal. Now contrast with a behavior that is considered illegal due to conflict theory.
- Explain the difference between primary and secondary deviance.
- Discuss the relationship between conflict theory and crime.
- Explain the origin of radical criminology, why might it have been considered controversial?
- Discuss some of the critical perspectives that have emerged over the past decade, including radical feminist theory, left realism, abolitionist and anarchist criminology, and peacemaking criminology
- What does feminist criminology mean to you, how does it relate to understanding crime?
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